Fentanyl Addiction: Effects Of Abuse
There are various medications used clinically as remedies for chronic pain. One of the most commonly used medications is Fentanyl.
Fentanyl is one of the medications often administered for severe pain. The fentanyl drug has proven to be quite effective for patients dealing with long-term pains. This medication is not the first choice for chronic pain, and this is due to its ability to cause dependency. The drug is mostly recommended when other medications have proven to be ineffective for a particular degree of pain. What makes this medication so effective, and what does Fentanyl look like?
What is Fentanyl?
Fentanyl pills have been habitually administered as pain relievers in the treatment of cancer and as an after-surgery regimen. Its high potency drives specific questions such as: is Fentanyl an opioid? Yes, the drug is a synthetic opioid and a scheduled drug that has similar characteristics with morphine but is reported to be 50 to 100 times more effective.
What does Fentanyl do? Like morphine, the medication binds to opioid receptors in the brain that controls emotions and physical pain. The drug then inhibits the sensitivity and function of the nerves, causing the patient to feel anything but pain. The Fentanyl effects may take over, leading to feeling such as dizziness, sedation, light-mood, constipation, and others. One of the most prominent effects of the drug is the Fentanyl high, which is experienced by abusers. People often abuse the medication to achieve the feeling of euphoria.” In some cases, it is mixed with other substances. The use of this medication without prescription can lead to increased tolerance, addiction, possible overdose, and life-threatening complications.
Fentanyl Brand Names
Fentanyl use has greatly diversified, and the medication is administered in different ways to meet the needs of the patient. There are different brand names for Fentanyl that come in diverse forms and is administered depending on the patient’s requirement; some of them include:
These brands come in the following forms: lozenges, patches, injections, quick-dissolve tablet, oral spray, and nasal decongestant spray.
What Are Physical and Behavioral Signs of Addiction?
Fentanyl addiction is common with those that abuse the medication. The narcotic has a high tendency for abuse, especially when taken without prescription. The drug affects the Central nervous system, causing increased amounts of dopamine. A person who is addicted to the drug strives to maintain the neurochemical concentration of dopamine in the brain by seeking out the drug through illegal means.
Fentanyl abuse may alter physical behavior, and the abuser may rely on the drug to feel normal. Signs of addiction are usually withdrawal symptoms felt when an addict stops using. These signs include:
- Severe discomfort and craving of the drug
- Bone and muscular pains
- Goosebumps and cold flashes
- Mood swings
If a loved one is exhibiting these symptoms while on a Fenranyl prescription, there is a chance that he or she is addicted to the medication. The drug, even on prescription, may interact negatively with other substances such as Fentanyl and alcohol.
There are a few recommendations for the treatment of Fentanyl addiction; however, these remedies should only be endorsed by a medical doctor after the appropriate tests. Medications such as Methadone and Buprenorphine have been found to mitigate withdrawal symptoms and cravings for the opioid. The drug Naloxone is used to reverse the effect of a Fentanyl overdose.
Other helpful ways to get treatment for addiction is Cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational counseling, and others. The first line of action in cases of addiction to the drug is to contact a medical doctor.